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Table 2 Length L in number of tokens and size of vocabulary V for the 15 composers that are best represented in the Kunstderfuge corpus (after transposition). Year of birth, year of death, and number of pieces (# pieces) are also included

From: Heaps’ law and vocabulary richness in the history of classical music harmony

Composer Birth Death L V # pieces
Johann Sebastian Bach 1685 1750 757,945 2630 2169
Joseph Haydn 1732 1809 401,162 2155 641
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756 1791 504,386 2516 685
Ludwig van Beethoven 1770 1827 670,380 3146 638
Franz Schubert 1797 1828 292,007 2356 270
Frédéric Chopin 1810 1849 128,373 2947 220
Robert Schumann 1810 1856 103,432 2423 109
Franz Liszt 1811 1886 116,044 2739 136
Johannes Brahms 1833 1897 159,998 2612 148
Piotr I. Tchaikovsky 1840 1893 156,749 2748 252
Antonín Dvořák 1841 1904 110,855 2350 145
Gustav Mahler 1860 1911 43,877 3034 33
Claude Debussy 1862 1918 91,600 2728 194
Ferruccio Busoni 1866 1924 26,898 2370 42
Ígor Stravinsky 1882 1971 20,481 2443 39
All 76 1397 1992 5,131,159 4085 9489