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Figure 3 | EPJ Data Science

Figure 3

From: Inequality and cumulative advantage in science careers: a case study of high-impact journals

Figure 3

Competitive arenas in science. The right-skewed distributions of scientist longevity L and productivity N p are the starting point for understanding the skewed success distributions in science. Panels A (Economics) and B (Nat./PNAS/Sci.) address censoring bias in the longevity distributions by considering separately the cohorts of scientists who entered the Nat./PNAS/Sci. arena in the indicated time window. Panel C (Nat./PNAS/Sci.) shows the unconditional aggregate longevity distribution. Panels D/E/F show P( N p ), the complementary cumulative distribution function (CCDF) of total publications N p . Panels D/E are analogs of panels A/B, showing the fixed cohorts of researchers who entered the respective journal arena with their first publication in the indicated time window. Panel F shows the P( N p |L) distributions conditioned on L, which indicate that even within the set of ‘iron horse’ researchers with longevity L i 11 the distribution is still extremely broad. To guide the eye and emphasize the curvature in P( N p ), which is not consistent with a power-law distribution, we plotted a curve proportional to N p 2 .

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